Red wine consumption in moderation may be beneficial to health. Drinking wine daily may have health risks.
Red wine’s health benefits have been debated for a long time.
Some people believe that drinking a glass of wine every day is an important part of a healthy lifestyle, while others feel it is overrated.
Several studies have shown that moderate consumption of red wine may lower the risk for several diseases, such as heart disease.
There is a fine balance between moderate intake and excessive consumption.
This article examines the health effects of red wine.
What is red, and how is it produced?
The dark-colored grapes are crushed and fermented to make red wine.
Red wine comes in many different types, each with a unique taste and color. Shiraz, Merlot, and Cabernet sauvignon are some of the most common varieties.
Alcohol content ranges between 12-15%.
It has been proven that moderate consumption of red wine is beneficial to your health. It is due to the high antioxidant content.
It is believed that moderate wine consumption can also benefit from the alcohol content of wine (1Trusted source).
Fermenting whole dark-colored grapes produces red wine. Drinking moderate amounts of red wine has been shown to be beneficial for your health. It contains antioxidants.
The French paradox
The “French paradox” is often attributed to red wine.
This phrase is used to describe the fact that French people have low heart disease rates despite eating a lot of saturated fat ( 2Trusted source).
Some experts believed red wine to be the protective agent for the French population against the harmful effects of these nutrients.
New studies show that cholesterol and saturated fat in reasonable quantities (3; 4Trusted source) do not cause cardiovascular disease.
The French are likely healthier because they eat more healthy whole foods and have a healthier lifestyle.
Some people think that the French paradox is a result of red wine. A healthier lifestyle and diet may have a greater impact on these results.
Resveratrol is a powerful antioxidant and plant compound found in red wine.
Grapes contain many antioxidants. They include Resveratrol ( 5Trusted source), catechin, epicatechin, and proanthocyanidins.
Red wine is believed to have health benefits due to its antioxidants – Resveratrol, proanthocyanidins, and others.
They may also help prevent heart disease and cancer (a href=”https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15134524″>6Trusted Source/a>, a href=”https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18457915″>7Trusted Source/a>, –https://www.ncbi They can also prevent cancer and heart disease ( 6Trusted source, 9Trusted source, 10Trusted source).
Grape skin contains Resveratrol. Some plants produce it in response to injury or damage ( 9).
Resveratrol can also make test animals live longer (a href=”https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21400036″>10Trusted Source/a>, a href=”https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11951581″>11Trusted Source/a>, … Resveratrol has also been shown to extend the life span of test animals ( 10Trusted source, 11Trusted source and 12Trusted source).
Red wine contains a relatively low amount of Resveratrol. It would take several bottles of wine per day to achieve the levels used in animal studies. It is not recommended for obvious reasons. (13Trusted source and 14Trusted source).
You may want to consider a supplement if you are drinking wine for its Resveratrol.
Red wine contains powerful plant compounds that have many health benefits. These include reduced inflammation, a lower risk of cancer and heart disease, as well as an extended lifespan.
Red wine can reduce the risk of stroke, heart disease, and early death.
These benefits are only possible when red wine is part of a healthy diet like the Mediterranean diet (a href=”https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31597344/”>5Trusted Source/a>, a href=”https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/36615832/”>15Trusted Source/a>). These benefits are only possible when red wine is part of a healthy Mediterranean diet ( 5TrustedSource and 15TrustedSource).
A J-shaped graph explains the relationship between wine consumption and heart disease.
Drinking approximately 150 ml of red wine (5 oz) per day reduces the risk to a moderate degree compared with non-drinkers. ( 16Trusted source and 17Trusted source).
The risk of heart disease is dramatically increased by higher intake ( 14Trusted source, 18Trusted source).
The oxidative damage and the oxidation of the “bad” LDL cholesterol may also be reduced by up to 50% (a href=”https://www.mdpi.com/1420-3049/24/19/3626″>19/a>, a href=”https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11999698″>20Trusted Source/a>, & %20 The oxidative damage to the body and the oxidation (or degradation) of “bad” LDL can also be reduced up to 50%.
A study showed that drinking 2-3 glasses of red wine dealcoholized per day could lower blood pressure. (20 trusted sources).
Older studies found that moderate wine drinkers have a lower death rate from heart disease than non-drinkers, beer drinkers, or spirit drinkers. However, newer research will be needed to confirm these findings (21 trusted sources, 22 trusted sources, and 23 trusted sources).
Red wine consumption of 1-2 glasses per day can reduce the risk of stroke and heart disease. High amounts can increase the risk.
Red wine has many health benefits.
Many of the health benefits associated with red wine are due to its powerful antioxidants.
Red wine consumption has been linked to:
- Reduced dementia risk: A reduction in dementia risk has been shown to be associated with drinking 1-2 glasses per day of wine (24Trusted source and 25Trusted source).
- Reduced Risk of Depression: In a study of middle-aged and older adults, those who consumed 2-7 glasses per week of wine were less likely than others to develop depression ( 26Trusted source; 27Trusted source).
- Reduced Insulin Resistance: Drinking two glasses of red wine per day for four weeks can reduce Insulin resistance. (28Trusted source and 29Trusted source).
- Lower risk of COVID-19 Infection: Recent research found that red and fortified wines played a key role in protecting test subjects from COVID-19 infections, while beer and spirit increased their risk. ( 30Trusted source).
Red wine in small amounts or moderate quantities can be beneficial to your health. There are some negative effects to be aware of, as discussed below.